Safe Storage and Disposal of Herbicides
Safe Storage and Disposal of Herbicides
Store herbicides in a well ventilated, cool, dry area where food and drinks are never stored or prepared. Most pesticides should not be stored for any length of time below 40° F. The floor should be concrete or lined with plastic or other impermeable material to prevent leaks from reaching the soil.
The area should be inaccessible to the public and locked except when chemicals are being removed or returned. Containers should be labeled to indicate the following: contents (ratio of herbicide, surfactant, water, etc.), date mixed and approximate volume remaining when placed in storage. The containers must be stored carefully and never stacked.
Heavy plastic garbage bags, a shovel and a soil absorbent (e.g., cat litter) must be available for use in cleaning-up small leaks or spills.
Use extreme caution when mixing herbicides. Dermal exposure to a small amount of a concentrated herbicide can be equivalent to the exposure received after a full day of working in a treated field. Before mixing any herbicide, read the label. Herbicide labels are legal documents and users are obligated to read and obey them.
Establish a mixing area. Herbicides should be mixed only in pre-designated areas - preferably either in an industrial sink near the storage site or in an area near the treatment site(s) in which damage from small spills or other herbicide contamination would be minimal. Field mixing sites should have relatively few native or other desirable species, not be susceptible to erosion or runoff, and rarely, if ever, be visited by the public or preserve staff. In addition, mixing sites should provide easy access for containment and clean up of spills.
Prior to mixing, determine the order that chemicals will be added to the mix. Generally, adjuvants are added prior to the herbicide, but consult the label for specific instructions. When mixing, start by filling the spray tank or other mixing vessel half to three-quarters full with water. The water should be clean and clear to prevent contamination of the mixture or clogging of tank nozzles and hoses. The water should have a neutral or slightly acidic pH, as alkaline water can cause the pesticide to breakdown prior to application. Add a buffer or acidifier to the water if necessary.
Carefully measure the herbicide concentrate and add it to the tank water. Small measuring errors can lead to large errors in the amount of pesticide applied. Be aware of if you are using the active ingredient (a.i.) or acid equivalent (a.e.) of the herbicide. The measuring container should be rinsed and the rinsate added to the tank solution. The container of liquid herbicides should be triple rinsed with ¼ container volume of water. Add rinsate to the tank solution or store it in a separate container labeled "WATER AND RINSATE FOR HERBICIDE ONLY, NONPOTABLE"
Herbicides should be transported in tightly sealed containers placed in a well-constructed and watertight carrying box or bucket. A good container will prevent leaks in vehicles, onto applicators, or to the environment. Each program should develop techniques and use materials that will best serve the needs of a particular site or circumstance. In some cases, you may want to carry only a small amount of herbicide to treat weeds encountered while conducting daily activities in the field.
Use the state herbicide container recycling program where available. If no specific chemical container recycling program is available, puncture the empty container to prevent anyone from using it as a container again, and then dispose of or destroy it. In most areas, small numbers of empty, triple-rinsed containers can be disposed in the trash for pick-up or taken to the local dump, unless the label states otherwise. Some jurisdictions require containers to be burned, while others prohibit burning pesticide containers. If the herbicide label states that the container may not be disposed of in regular sanitary landfills, call your county or municipal waste department for information on Hazardous Material Collection dates.