Private Water Wells

Construction of an open-hole water well in bedrock.

Over a million homeowners in Pennsylvania depend on private water supplies for their drinking water needs. In Pennsylvania, protection and maintenance of a private well is basically the responsibility of the homeowner. Private wells are typically safe, dependable sources of water if sited wisely and constructed properly; however, there are no statewide construction or siting standards for private water wells.

Well Construction


Water Well Drillers Licensing Program

  • Licensing program summary
  • Act 610 The Water Well Drillers License Act of 1955 (and its regulations)
  • Frequently asked questions about water well drillers licensing and water well abandonment
  • Drilling companies currently licensed to operate in Pennsylvania.
  • Driller's license renewal can be done through the Internet-based application called WebDriller. The license year starts annually on June 1. For more information, please contact the Survey office at 717–702–2017 or send an e-mail to
  • Since 1966, drillers have been required to submit water well completion information describing the location and construction parameters of water wells drilled in Pennsylvania.  As of June 1, 2009, all drillers must now use WebDriller to submit their water well completion reports. Finalized reports are transferred into the Pennsylvania Groundwater Information System (PaGWIS).  If you are a driller and would like more information, please contact Jody Rebuck at 717–702–2073, or send an e-mail to


Water Well Abandonment

  • Drillers also can submit well abandonment information through WebDriller. Others can still send paper copies of the well abandonment form (see below) to:

Pennsylvania Geological Survey
3240 Schoolhouse Road
Middletown, PA 17057

Links to Web Sites on Private Water Wells