Water Well Completion Reports
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- On the yellow bar, click on the [+] to show help. The help menu provides formatting information and general instruction.
- If a tab doesn’t apply to your report, it should not be filled out. For example, if a screen is not installed in a well, then ignore the Screen/Slot tab.
- Whole numbers are required for all depths and yields under any of the tabs (for example, 6). Diameters and slot size entries can accept decimals (for example, 6.5).
- For all tabs except the first and last, the “Add Entry” button must be clicked on after typing out the entries in the form boxes. Once “Add Entry” is clicked, then it will appear below the “Add Entry” and “Clear Fields” boxes. It can be deleted, if desired, by clicking on the “Delete” option.
- If you are entering data, the system will not time out. If you exit the report before clicking on the "Save" or “Submit” button, however, all data will be lost.
- The "Save" button can been used to save your progress. A well-report can be saved as a draft so long as the following information (at a minimum) is entered: County, Driller Well ID, Type of Activity, Date Drilled, Drilling Method, Owner Last Name. Use the "Save" button only if you cannot go on because of data errors. Otherwise, use the "Submit" button and then edit the reports later, if editing is needed.
There are nine tabs used in WebDriller for the Water Well Completion Report. At a minimum, data must be entered for the first three tabs. The following table summarizes the tabs. Below the table, each tab is explained in more detail.
WATER BEARING ZONE
Basic information about the well including location and driller ID number.
Geologic description and depths
Depths and diameter of the drilled hole itself.
Depths, diameter, material, seal, and amount
If installed, screen depths, diameter, slot size, material, type, and packing of screen.
If used, well liner depths, diameter, and PVC type of liner.
If used, depths of the packer used in the well.
If known, estimates of the location and yield rate of water bearing zones.
Summary check of the data entered. Click "Save" or “Submit” button to save progress or submit the report.
On this tab there are 9 required fields indicated by a red *. In addition, as much information as is known should be included. The required fields include the following:
- Driller Well ID – A unique identification number assigned by the driller. It can be any unique combination up to 15 characters long. Once the report is submitted, this number cannot be changed.
- Type of Activity – The subject of the driller’s report. “New Well” is the default activity. Click on the dropdown menu to select something other than “New Well.” When another option is chosen, a new box opens up: “Original Well By.” Select the appropriate button (either “Current Driller” or “Another Driller”). If “Another Driller” is selected, an additional box appears asking for the name of the “Original Driller.” If the original driller is not known, indicate “unknown.” If “Well Abandonment” is chosen as the Type of Activity, an additional box “Reason for Abandonment” appears. Select the reason from the dropdown menu.
- Date Drilled – Click the date on the calendar.
- Drilling Method – Select from the dropdown menu.
- Owner – This can be a business entity or a person.
- Coordinate Method – The method of determining the well’s location coordinates in decimal degrees. Choose from the dropdown menu. When using a hand-held GPS for determining the coordinates, choose “GPS – Global Positioning System.” (If you can identify your location on a map, you can select "View Map of this Location" and zoom to the area on the map. Then just click on the map to insert coordinates in the box below. To change coordinates, just click again.) If you use the Map Viewer, "Commerical Street Atlas Viewer" will be selected for you.
- Latitude and Longitude – Values of the coordinates of the well location in decimal degrees. If using a GPS, set your GPS units to “decimal degrees,” and your datum to North American Datum (NAD) 1983. Latitude and longitude must be reported in decimal degrees in this format: xx.xxxxx for latitude and (negative) -xx.xxxxx for longitude. This format should be set on your GPS as decimal degrees. To convert “degrees and decimal minutes” to “decimal degrees,” divide the minutes by 60 and add this number to the degrees. (There are 60 minutes in a degree and 60 seconds in a minute. There are 3,600 seconds in a degree.)
The following can be used for converting between different formats of coordinates:
http://maps2.nris.mt.gov/topofinder1/LatLong.asp See the explanation on that page. Although the site is from Montana, you can plug in your type of coordinates and click “Calculate.” A response will be given like this:
Degrees, Decimal Minutes:
Degrees, Minutes, Seconds:
40, 43, 25.0
-76, 55, 13.0
For the WebDriller report, you will want to use the first row of information (Decimal Degrees).
Other latitude-longitude conversion sites include:
- Well Depth – The total depth of the well in feet from the ground surface. The final well depth could be less than the borehole depth if the borehole was sealed off at the bottom; however, the well depth cannot be greater than the borehole depth.
Use the box “Description of Well Location and Other Notes” for any other details that you would like to add to the report. For well abandonment, use this box to report details on the well abandonment (such as whether casing was removed or the well was drilled out, etc). For more information on abandonment, see the Driller’s Log and Borehole tabs below.
Driller’s Log Tab
This is a required tab. For each driller’s log unit, fill in “Unit Top,” “Unit Bottom,” and “Description of Units Penetrated” and select “Add Entry.” The log should describe the geologic materials that are encountered by the driller as the hole is drilled. For assistance in the well log, see the Survey’s web page “Completing Accurate Well Logs.”
An example of a log with three entries is below:
weathered red shale
fine grained red sandstone
red silty shale
Mistakes in the log can be corrected by deleting units (click on “Delete” and re-enter the corrected values).
For well abandonment, the Driller’s Log should detail how a hole was abandoned. For example, 0 to 10 feet could be a cement grout, and 10 to 90 feet could be clean gravel.
This is a required tab. The Borehole tab is for the depths and dimensions of the hole itself. If different diameters were used for sections of the borehole, then that would be indicated under this tab.
For abandonment, the depth and diameter of the abandoned borehole should be indicated here.
The Casing tab is for listing the amount and type of casing used in the well. This is most often an entry of the steel or PVC casing that extends to bedrock. More than one casing entry can be made for telescoping casings that overlap. In addition, a monitoring well or other well in unconsolidated material will use a riser pipe that is connected to a screen. The riser pipe portion can be entered as “casing” along with any seal if included for that part of the well. If there is protective casing around the riser pipe, both “casings” can be entered with their different diameters.
For example, a monitoring well is drilled to 20 feet. Five feet of 6-inch steel protective casing is installed in the hole. Four-inch diameter PVC screen is installed from 10 to 20 feet with gravel. The PVC riser pipe above the screen is grouted to the top. In this example you have two overlapping entries for the casing. Five feet of 6-inch protective casing is entered from 0 to 5, then 10 feet of riser pipe is entered as casing from 0 to 10. The type of seal is indicated for each. The first casing entry could be: Casing Top, 0; Casing Bottom, 5; Diameter, 6; Casing Material, steel; Seal (Grout) Top, 0; Seal (Grout) Bottom, 5, Seal (Grout) Type, concrete grout. The second entry would be: Casing Top, 0; Casing Bottom, 10; Diameter, 4; Casing Material, PVC or other plastic; Seal (Grout) Top, 0; Seal (Grout) Bottom, 10, Seal (Grout) Type, bentonite slurry.
The screen information is added under the Screen/Slot tab. See below.
Casing that extends above the surface is indicated by a negative number. For example, a 7-foot section of casing with a 2-foot stickup would have a “Casing Top” of -2 and a “Casing Bottom” of 5.
The Screen/Slot tab is used when a screen is installed in the well. Screens are typically used in unconsolidated lithologies like sand and gravel. A packing material such as sand is typically added around the screen. In the example given under “Casing Tab” above, the Screen/Slot entry would be: Top, 10; Bottom, 20; Diameter, 4; Slot Size, 0.010; Type, screen; Material, plastic; and Packing, gravel.
Well Liner Tab
A PVC well liner is sometimes used in water wells to protect the well from contamination or corrosion of an outer steel casing. Indicate the “Top” and “Bottom” depths, “Diameter,” and “PVC Type” (using the dropdown menu) of the liner for this tab.
A packer is sometimes used in water wells to partition off part of the well. Indicate the “Top” and “Bottom” depths of the packer and if there is a sealant in the packer interval. For example, a packer may seal off an interval from 40 to 50 feet. The entries would be Top, 40; Bottom, 50; and the “Sealant in Interval” box would be checked accordingly.
Water Bearing Zone Tab
The encounter of a water bearing zone should be noted by the driller. The “Top” and “Bottom” fields under this tab represent the depths of the water bearing zone in feet. These entries can have the same footage. If a yield is not known, the yield box can be left blank.
If you need to make an interim save, select "Save." This will save your progress without submitting the report. A well-report can be “Saved” as a draft so long as the following information (at a minimum) is entered: County, Driller Well ID, Type of Activity, Date Drilled, Drilling Method, Owner Last Name.
If you select "Submit"and there are no errors, you report will be submitted and you will get the following message: Your report has been submitted successfully!! Use the menu on the left to navigate to your next destination.
If there are marks, you need to fix the error that WebDriller has found. Read the error message and return to the tab with the error by clicking the appropriate tab at the top or the adjacent “GO” arrow button on the right.
Once the Summary tab does not have any red X’s but only green check marks like this then you can click on the “Submit” button again. If you cannot fix the errors right away, click on the "Save" button to save your progress. If you exit WebDriller, when you return you can find this record under the "Edit Current Well Completion Reports" icon.
After a report has been successfully submitted, if you plan to enter several records that are similar, such as for monitoring wells, use the “Duplicate This Well Report” button to begin a duplicate Well Report. The Driller Well ID, Date Drilled and Coordinate fields will be cleared. You will need to fill these in for the new entry. Make all other necessary changes to the duplicated information then save or submit the new entry.
Use the printer icon (shown here circled) just above the report to print the report (Click on the down arrow to the right of the printer icon for more options). Do not use the “File Print” command from the menu bar.
Warning Once the Owner’s copy is printed, you will no longer be able to edit the report. When you are ready to print a report, it is recommended that you first select the “Review” button and print out that copy before printing the Owner copy. Print for owner can only be done once. (If you have the software, you can print the Owner report to a PDF as an electronic copy, and then make multiple copies).
If you cannot get the report to display at the Print function, you may have not shut off your popup blocker.
For additional help using WebDriller, contact us by email at email@example.com, or call the Pennsylvania Geological Survey at 717-702-2017.